CS seminar: AI for healthcare: CNNs, Transformers, and Beyond

Title: AI for healthcare - CNNs, Transformers, and Beyond.
Presenter: Moulay Akhloufi,  Professor at University of Moncton and Founder of the Perception, Robotics and Intelligent Machines (PRIME) research group
Summary: In recent years, we have seen important progress in the field of AI for healthcare, largely attributed to the impressive progress resulting from the application of deep learning. Various medical disciplines, including ophthalmology and radiology, have experienced the positive impact of these advancements. This talk will present the latest developments in leveraging deep learning for medical imaging. This includes the use of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) and deep Transformers. Additionally, I will illustrate how the integration of deep ensemble learning improves the performance of specific tasks in this domain. I will also explore the application of deep learning in detecting eye diseases like diabetic retinopathy and AMD, among others. Moreover, I will discuss the utilization of deep learning and transformers in radiology for the identification and diagnosis of a diverse type of diseases. In addition, cases in oncology, particularly in breast cancer and skin cancer detection, will be showcased. Given the importance of understanding the decisions made by these algorithms, I will provide examples of explainability techniques. Furthermore, I will emphasize the significance of federated learning in enhancing the training performance of deep models while ensuring privacy. Finally, I will touch upon potential research directions in this evolving field. 
Short bio: Professor Moulay Akhloufi holds a Bachelor of Science in Physics from the University Abdelmalek Essaadi (Morocco) and a Bachelor of Engineering from Telecom Saint-Etienne (France). He has a Master's and Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Ecole Polytechnique of Montreal and Laval University (Canada), respectively. Additionally, he holds an MBA from Laval University. Presently, Professor Akhloufi serves as Professor in Computer Science at Université de Moncton, where he leads the Perception, Robotics, and Intelligent Machines (PRIME) research lab, and holds the position of Director at the Center for Artificial Intelligence NB Power. Prior to joining Université de Moncton in 2016, he gained valuable experience in the industry and in technology transfer within the fields of machine vision and robotics. Professor Akhloufi's research expertise spans across the domains of artificial intelligence, computer vision, and intelligent robotic systems, where he has contributed to over two hundred publications. Additionally, he is a Senior Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), and a member of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

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